PICTURES OF HENDERSON PROPERTY
IN ST. FRANCOIS COUNTY, MISSOURI

I would like to thank Sue & Carl Edgar for their gracious hospitality when Gene & I visited their farm "Homestead Hill" on 3 April 2012.  This land was formerly owned by my 2nd gr. grandfather, George W. Henderson for 22 years - from 1847 to 1869. His father, John Henderson Jr., purchased this land shortly before he died & put the deed in his children's names. John's wife, Mary Ann Henderson, was also his cousin.  She was the daughter of James Henderson Jr., who owned much of the surrounding land.  The Hendersons lived in Pendleton Township prior to 1840 but this property is the first purchase for them in that area.  Prior to that it was owned by Susannah & Wm. J. Allen.  It is quite possible that my Henderson ancestors may have built and/or lived in the log cabin below along with an adjoining log cabin (to right of picture) that was torn down some years ago.  The Edgars had a professional log cabin restorer come in who dated the cabin at approx. 1860 & my ancestors owned the land at that time.  And there is paper work  in the probate records for my ancestor that states there were ".......log cabins for dwellings" on this property.  This document is dated 1855. 


 

Front wall of original log cabin.
There used to be an adjoining log section to the right but it was torn down years ago.  At right is another visitor that day.  He was at the base of the rock wall.

 

 

Back wall that used to be on the outside.

Carl Edgar holding 2 rattlesnake skins.


 


 


These are naturally colored white, brown & green eggs laid by the Edgar chickens.  Mrs. Edgar gave them to us & they were delicious!


 


 

Initials carved in granite rock.  John or James Henderson? There were other rocks with carved initials but they were too difficult to read.

Gene Carroll & Carl Edgar


 

Greasy Creek

This is a different creek near the mine.


 

Rock bluff on Greasy Creek

Same rock bluff but from a different angle.


 

Looking down at the forest from atop a granite bluff

Looking down at the forest from atop a granite bluff


 

Views of a different bluff on Greasy Creek

Views of a different bluff on Greasy Creek


 

Views of a different bluff on Greasy Creek

Views of a different bluff on Greasy Creek


 

This mine is on land that adjoins the John Jr. & George Henderson property.  It was owned by James Henderson Jr. who was grandfather to George, James, Elizabeth & Almeda Henderson & father-in-law & uncle to John Henderson Jr.


1911 BIENNIAL REPORT OF THE STATE GEOLOGIST

Bureau of Geology & Mines

A NEW MINERAL PAINT


The red & yellow oxides of iron & ferruginous clays of proper physical properties are extensively utilized in the manufacture of natural mineral paints such as ocher, umber, sienna, & venetian red.  The iron deposits throughout the Central Ozark region have produced a large tonnage of raw material for paints of this character.

Recently specular iron ore has been nimed & utilizeed in the manufacture of a noncorrosive paint sold under the trade name of "Formastat".

The following is a brief description of the deposit which probably has the distinction of being the only one of its kind being utilized in the United States.

THE GREASY MINE

Owned by Deacon & Lambert, St. Louis, Missouri

This mine is located in St. Francois County, abut six miles south of Doe Run, in the NE1/4 SE1/4 SEC8 T34N R5E.  It is situated in a small ravine tributary to Wachita creek at the foot of the northeast slope of Bald Mountain.

The country rock in the vicinity of the mine consists chiefly of granite with some porphyry capping the higher hills like Bald Mountain.  The Lamotte sandstone occurs in the valleys of the larger streams.  The granite which forms all of the outcrops within a quarter of a mile of the mine is light pink in color & varies from holo-crystaline to porphyritic in texture.  Its principal constituents are feldspar & quartz with some biotite & occasional crystals of apatite, zircon, & magnetite.  At Bald Mountain it grades upward into a quartz porphyry.  The Lamotte sandstone which lies unconformably upon the granite is usually light yellow to brown in color & rather coarse-grained, particularly at the contact with the granite where it becomes conglomoratic.  The surface & soil, which are light colored & sandy, have resulted chiefly from the decomposition of the granite.  None of the rocks show metamorphism other than weathering, the only secondary structure being numerous small fissures die probably to consilidation.

The ore outcrops at one point on the west bank of a small ravine.  It occurs in the form of several small fissure veins in the granite shich also carries some disseminated ore.  The ore bearing veins arc nearly vertical & have a strike of about north 25 degrees east.

Developments consist of a shaft 100 feet deep, from the 50-foot level of which drifts have been driven along the strike of the vein for a distance of 48 feet in a northeasterly direction & 70 feet in a southwesterly direction.  The 48-foot drift encountered good vein ore throughout its length.  The veins in this drift vary from a fraction to six inches in width & are often several in number distributed over a zone two to five feet wide.  At a point 30 feet from the shaft a cross drift has been driven 24 feet in a northwesterly direction.  The first 18 feet of this drift is in granite carrying 10 to 15 per cent of disseminated ore.  This ore is cut out abruptly by a two to three-foot seam of soft gray talcose material carrying disseminate ore & seams of hard massive hemitite.  Beyond this is hard pink granite, barren of ore except for thin seams of hemitite cementing joints. 

The 70-foot drift which extends southwest fromthe shaft is in vein & disseminated ore except for six to ten feet of barren granite near its south end through which it passed in good ore.  From the middle of the drift a cross drift has been ddriven 20 feet to the southeast disclosing disseminated ore throughout its length.

The vein ore has been followed to a depth of 100 feet in the shaft & at that depth is enclosed by disseminated ore of the same grade & character as that showing in the cross drifts at the 50-foot level.

From the developements it would appear that there is here a zone of vein ore two to five feet in width & at least 100 feet deep & 130 feet in length which is bordered on either side by parallel zones of disseminated ore at least 20 feet wide.

The ore is  highly micaceous hematite, resembling graphite in appearance & is soft & greasy to the feel.  Near the end of the northwest cross drift it is in part hard & massive & unfit for pigment purposes.  The vien ore carries occasional stringers of milky quartz & is mixed with more or less talcose material.  The disseminated ore carries numerous small individual crystals of pyrite & locally small quantities of Chalcopyrite.  Pyrite also occures in the vein ore, particularly where the lattes is massive.

The best grade of ore is that in the samll veins which run 50 to 80 per cent hematite.  The disseminated ore ranges up to 20 per cent hematite, much of the ground assaying 15 per cent.

The deposit probably belongs to the pegmatitic class of vein filling & impregnation by replacement doe to deep seated hot solutions.

The deposit is being exploited as a source of mineral paint & a mill is about to be constructed to separate the ore & rock.  Experiments in milling have produced a product running 92.7 per cent hematite & it is thought that this can be improved upon.  The milled product is used as a pigment under the trade mark "Formastat" & sells for from 90 to 130 dollars per ton.  It is recommended as a coating for steel structures particularly those exposed to acid, damp, & corroding influences.  By special processes it is given a gold, silver gray, or copper color, such treatment increases the cost of the product.
 


 

 


 


 


Hematite samples from Greasy Mine


 

Mrs. Edgar thinks that my ancestors must have known about the mineral deposits when they owned the property as she has found Indian artifacts made from the minerals of the area & if the Indians knew about it my ancestors most likely did too.


 

BELOW ARE VIDEO CLIPS OF THE HENDERSON PROPERTY

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