Long Family History of Washington County, Missouri

SAMUEL LONG - was a native of Culpeper County, Virginia and was born in 1794.  He was taken to Kentucky at the age of seven years, where he lived until his nineteenth year, & then settled in Washington County, Missouri. In early life he learned the trades of tanning and shoeing which he followed after his location in Washington County, in 1811. In 1816 he married Nancy Whaley, also of Virginia.  They had eighteen children born to them, fourteen of whom lived to maturity. Of a large family born to Mr. & Mrs. Long, five sons survive:  William, Alfred, John, James & Samuel.

In the 1830 & 1840 census Samuel Long was residing in Union Township, Washington County.  The 1850 census lists the following children in the Samuel Long household:   Brumfield, John, Elizabeth, Samuel, Rebecca, Margaret, Newton, Sarah.  Alfred Long was already married & living two houses away from Samuel. In 1860 Samuel was living in Liberty T., St. Francois Co., Mo.

Samuel Long became a prominent citizen, and accumulated a comfortable competency.  In 1862 Samuel Long was assassinated by Union soldiers.   He was taken from his home & brutally shot without cause. (See article below). Mrs. Long died 11 May, 1878.

MALICIOUS MURDER - Correspondence of the Missouri Republican [St. Louis]
Washington County, [Missouri] June 27, 1862 - I send you a brief account of one of the most heart-rending scenes that has ever occurred in the history of this county. SAMUEL LONG, one of the most respectable as well as one of the oldest citizens of the county, was found murdered in the woods, within the sound of gunshot of the place where he had volunteered near fifty years ago as a soldier in defense of his country, he being one of the few survivors of the war of 1812. The deceased had resided in this county for more than fifty years, where he had established for himself a truly enviable character as an honest, quiet and good citizen, never meddling in public affairs or taking any active part in politics; indeed, few, if any of his neighbors knew what position, if any, he occupied in relation to our existing national troubles. He was a large slave owner, and this circumstance may have induced the belief upon the part of some that he was Southern in feeling, which led to his arrest, and terminated in his death, but certainly no act or word of his, I think, can ever be shown, which would have justified his arrest, much less the taking of his life. The deceased leaves a wife and fourteen children to mourn his loss, mostly grown, among them our most respectable merchants, smelters and farmers. The following facts were shown before the inquest: On Thursday, the 26th instant, a party of German soldiers visited the house of the deceased, where they found only two young women, daughters of the deceased, and a number of negro women and children. They demanded to know where deceased was, and were informed by the young ladies that he and their mother had gone to their son's, a distance of some mile and a half, where they were harvesting. They then searched and ransacked the house all over, and then left, taking with them from the house a rifle gun. They then proceeded to the harvest field, where a number of hands were at work, inquired for deceased, was told he was down at the house of his son, when they hastily left the field, went to the house and arrested the old gentleman, who made not the slightest resistance, or used even an unpleasant word, only saying to them that he was old, infirm, and unable to walk, and for that reason hoped they would allow him to ride his horse. They refused, and started immediately with him along the main road back towards the railroad. This was late Thursday evening. Early on Friday morning the family and friends of the deceased sought him at all points on the railroad where they supposed him to be, but to all inquiry they received the same answer from the soldiers, that they knew nothing of him. The fears and suspicions of the family then being aroused, they instituted search for him, and early Saturday morning he was found about three-quarters of a mile from where they started with him, and about one hundred and fifty yards from the road, in the head of a deep hollow and in a dense thicket of undergrowth, lying dead, with a large bullet hole through his temples - so nearly straight through as to cut the hat rim on both sides. There was a rifle gun lying by his side, which was proven to be the gun the soldiers had taken from the house of deceased. The gun was examined by the coroners jury, and found to be loaded. The verdict was in accordance with the forgoing facts.   All parties in this community are much excited and very indignant at the act, but seem to have confidence that Gen. Schofield will have the case promptly investigated. Today the remains of the deceased were followed to their final resting place by hundreds of citizens, anxious to pay the last tribute of respect to a much beloved and highly esteemed citizen. (signed) Washington


Children of Nancy Whaley & Samuel Long:

WILLIAM  - is one of the most prominent men of Washington County, & his connection with its affairs dates back to a period which only few can remember.  He was born in Washington County February 16, 1818, & is a son of Samuel Long..........William was reared a farmer, & in 1847 commenced handling mineral, & also engaged in smelting & selling goods.  He conducted a large & successful business until the panic of 1873, when he suffered severe & heavy losses, which absorbed the profits of years.  He has been connected in the management or sale of the largest operations of the county.  He settled, where he now resides, in 1876.  Mr. Long has been twice married - first, April 6, 1848, to Miss Mary Parkinson, [married by John F. Cowan, MG, of the Presbyterian Church at Washington County] a native of Washington County & a daughter of William Parkinson who was born in England in 1827  & married Sarah Kennedy, a native of South Carolina.  Mrs. Long died in September, 1875, leaving five children, four of whom are now living, viz.: Samuel L., Joseph M., Sarah E. & Anna B.  Mr. Long's second marriage took place March 29, 1877, to Miss Rhoda Chambers, who was born in Warren County, Mo., & is a daughter of Thomas & Ellen (Kennedy) Chambers of South Carolina.  Too much cannot be said of Mr. Long's indentification with the interests of Washington County.  No worthy movement tending to its financial or moral advancement has failed to receive his earnest support, &, though he has passed the allotted three-score years & ten, he is still one of the most active men of the county.  From:  Goodspeed's History of Washington County - 1888 Reprint

ALFRED - Alfred was born 15 July 1819.  He married Rachael Owens 5 September 1844 in Washington County.  They were married by Aaron Pinson, JP. Alfred died 25 May 1906 

BRUMFIELD - was born in 1823.  He married Rosalie Robert 25 January 1859 in Jefferson County, Missouri. In the 1860 census he was living next door to his father in St. Francois Co.

JOHN - was born 1829.

JAMES -  He was born in that part of Washington County now included within the limits of St. Francois County August 2, 1830.  m: 1862 to Miss Bettie M. Poston - d: 1916

ELIZABETH - was born 1834.

SAMUEL - Born: 1834, Died: 1904 - buried Long Family Cemetery -  During the Civil War Capt. John Casey organized a company of Confederate soldiers in September 1861 from Washington, St. Francois and Iron counties. More than one half of the recruits were from Washington County with Richard Berryman, Mack Cook and Samuel Long as lieutenants. When Price's Confederate Army passed through Potosi in September 1864 some of the men were recognized by citizens to be former Potosians, among them Bill Willoughby and Sam Long.

REBECCA - was born 1838.  Married Mr. Hedges.  Rebecca died 18 August 1925 & is buried in the Long Family Cemetery.

MARGARET - was born 1840.

NEWTON - was born 1843.

SARAH - was born 1846.