William P. Jackson Family History Of Missouri

Thank you to: Garrett Gable for submitting the information. Thanks also to:
Wendell Wilson,Jr., Marie (Heavin) Johnson, Mary (Potter) Lee, Sheila (Tyree) Wood,
Cecil King, Eugene W. Jackson, Judy (Petty) Elliott, Curtis Mueller & Debra (Gilbreath) Cozean
Earlier & later Jackson genealogy is available from Garrett Gable upon request.
Questions & comments are welcome.


This web page is dedicated to my Great-Grandmother, Sarah Catherine "Katy" (Jackson) Gabel 1866-1911. Daughter of Thomas Jefferson and Harriet Jane (Fore) Jackson. 


William P. Jackson  1772/3 - after 1867

John Pentecost Jackson's son, William P. (Pentecost? Philip?) Jackson, known affectionately as "Willie", was born in what later became Green County, Kentucky in 1772 or 1773.  He is thought to have married his first wife (name unknown) there in the late 1790's when he was in his mid-20's.  They appear to have had just one son, Abner "Ab" Jackson, who died young.  On 9 Dec. 1802 he married his second wife, Ann Marple (dau. of George Marple, b: ca. 1745, & Theodocia Rossel of Gloucester Co., New Jersey, who moved to Kentucky before 1802), & evidence suggests that they had at least four children:  Lucinda, Rueben, Robert & an unnamed daughter who died young.  Ann apparently died in 1809 or 1810.  William Jackson & Ann Marple's brother, Benedict Bennett Marple, were surieties for the marriage of William's sister Ann Anny Jackson to Righard Wright on 7 June 1810 in Green County.

Although care must be taken to distinguish William P. Jackson from his uncle William Jackson who lived in the same area, it is clear that the younger William was being taxed on 100 acres on the west bank of Rolling Fork (near Cartwright's Creek, Hardin Creek & Robinson Creek where his father & uncles lived) 1807 - 1809.  And he appears on the 1810 Federal Census in Washington County.  Following Ann's death in 1809 or 1810, William took a third wife, Jane "Jinny" Sally, daughter of his neighbor John Sally on 9 Nov. 1810 in Green County, Kentucky.  She, or Ann, is shown with him on the 1810 census.  William was taxed on one black slave & two horses in Washington County, but by 1813 he was down to just one horse.  Their first son, Andrew Philip "Philip" Jackson, our ancestor, was born 1813.

In 1817 to 1819 William P. Jackson is seen on the tax rolls as owning two horses & 69 acres in rolling fork Washington County.  But in 1820 & 1821 he & Jinny were again living in Green County, & by 1823 they had acquired 75 acres on Robinson Creek near the farm of his father-in-law John Sally.  Jinny's father was of French Huguenot ancestry.  She herself is said to have been running a trading post at the time she married William Jackson.  One family tradition suggests that she was at least half Native-American -- John Sally's wife has never been identified -- however, it is more likely that Jinny's mother was surnamed Smith, daughter of William T. Smith [see discussion below under Smith Jackson].  John Sally was the son of William & Nancy Sallee.  William was one of Guillaume Sallee & Elizabeth Givaudan.  Guillaume was the son of Abraham Sallee & Olive Perrault.   Abraham was the son of Jean Sallee & his wife Mary [see further under the Huguenot Families].

Around 1829 William elected to move his brood farther west, into Washington County, Missouri where they appear in the 1830 Federal Census for Merimec Township.  The family consisted at that time of William (age 56), his wife Jinny, sons Philip (16), Smith (15), John (13), Andrew (1), & daughters Polly (14), Martha (9), Sarah (8), & Elizabeth (ca.5).  In Missouri Jinny bore him two more sons: Francis Minett "Frank" Jackson, in 1832, & George Washington Jackson in 1833, but apparently died shortly thereafter.

William took a third wife, Mahala Garrett, in June of 1835 in Washington County, Missouri.  Strangely he married her again on 30 July 1844;  this was not a case of a married couple renewing.  Perhaps they had divorced sometime after Richard was born in 1841, or they feared for some reason that their first marriage to each other was invalid.  In any case, they had eight children between 1833 & 1850, making a grand total of at least 24 children ascribed to William P. Jackson in his lifetime.

William & Mahala are listed with their family on the 1850 census for Johnson Township in Washington County, Missouri, not far from where his grandson, Smith Jackson, later patented land in 1857.  He received federal land patents for 80 acres [S half of lot #1 in the SW quarter of Sec. 7; & the SW quarter of the SW quarter of Sec. 7, T39, R1E in Johnson Township in 1857, probably on land he had cleared & been living on for many years.  Directly adjacent was his son Philip's farm [NW quarter of the NE quarter of Sec. 18, T39N, R1E], on which Philip had been granted a patent in 1848.  These farms are probably on the land on which William's family originally settled around 1829.  The last record of him is in the 1860 census, after which he is no longer mentioned.  He is said to have been blind on the 1860 census, therefore he probably died no earlier than 1867, but before the 1870 census wherein Mahala is living alone.

Levitha "Viscy" Jackson, William's daughter, used to tell this story from the time of the Civil War, when she was 14 years old.  Confederate soldiers, she said, came to her house & asked for the head of the family, William P. Jackson.  The family objected that William was old & totally blind (from diabetes), but the soldiers insisted he be brought out to the gate to be shot.  When the family led him out before the soldiers, he said: "I don't know why you want to kill me.  *I have eight sons in the war, four on the side of the North, & four on the side of the South."  So the soldiers decided not to kill him.  Then he had Mahala & the girls kill some chickens & pick vegetables from the garden & feed the soldiers.  When they left, the soldiers took hams & bacon from the smoke house, more vegetables from the garden, flour, meal, sugar & lard from the house & feed for their horses, nearly cleaning out the Jackson household.

Mahala lived to be 96 years old.  Her published obituary read as follows:

DIED - JACKSON - At her home in Johnson Township, Washington County, Mo., Monday, January 13, 1896, Mrs. Mahala Jackson, of general debility, age 96 years & 13 days.  Mrs. Jackson was the daughter of Allen & Jane Hamilton, born in Washington County, Kentucky, on the Rolling Fork of the Elkhorn River, on January 1, 1800.  There in that part of the country of blue grass, she resided with her parents & received a limited education such as that country afforded in those days.  She was married to John Garrett, September 18, 1816 & with him came to Missouri in 1819 & settled on the Big Piney [River] in Pulaski County.  She bore Garrett two daughters, now Mrs. Elizabeth Wise & Mrs. [Sarah "Sally"] Paul DeClue, both living.  In 1828 Mr. Garrett died, then with her parents she came to Washington County, Mo., & on June 3, 1835 married William P. Jackson, & to him bore five sons & three daughters, of whom four are living, two sons & two daughters, viz: Jasper & Richard Jackson, Mrs. Vicey Wise & Mrs. Lucinda Garrett.  Mrs. Jackson had 58 grandchildren, 39 living & 19 dead; 75 great grandchildren, 62 living & 14 dead; & four great great grandchildren, 3 living & 1 dead.  Until about the first of March her health was remarkably good, but since then she gradually grew worse until death relieved her on the 13th inst.  The remains of Mrs. Jackson were interred in the Smith burying ground on Indian Creek on Wednesday, January 15th, followed to their last resting place by a large concourse of sorrowing friends & relatives.  Services were conducted by Elder Doty.

*......I have yet to find proof of Wm. P. Jackson having four sons in the Confederate Army during the Civil War. I'm not stating it is impossible, because  there were thousands of Mo. men in each army during that war, as I say, it's just that I've yet to find proof. Also, for this to have been possible, William's sons from his marriage to Jane "Jinny" (Sally) Jackson would have been the only other four sons to have been able to have fought for the Confederacy, and they all would have been in their thirties or older at the break of the Civil War. There were men fighting at that age, but it was mostly fought by much younger men. I have found proof of William's four sons from his marriage to Mahala (Hamilton) Garrett serving in the Civil War.  They were Richard H., Thomas N.,  Allen Jasper, and Lafayette who was mortally wounded in the Battle of Milligan Bend, La. in 1863. These brothers all fought in the Thirty-First and Thirty- Second Mo. Inf. Regiments (U.S.). My theory is William probably stated this to the soldiers to show his family provided  equal support for the armies of the Civil War to perhaps save his families' hides! Staying alive in Mo. during the Civil War was a fickle thing even for the civillians,  you really had to watch what you said and who heard it.


Philip Jackson  1813 - 1875

Other families from Kentucky had also made the move to Washington County including the Northcutts, Garretts, Bakers,& many others whose surnames survive there today.  Philip Jackson, son of William P. Jackson & Jinny Sally, was born in Kentucky in 1813 [he lists his age as 47 on the 1860 census].  Following his families move to Washington County, Missouri he married Catherine "Kate" Susan Baker there in 1831.  She was from Gallatin County, Kentucky, part of a family who also had early roots in colonial America.  She bore Philip a daughter, Susan, on 15 Nov. 1831, & a son [our ancestor], Smith Jackson, on 1 Jan. 1834. Unfortunately Katie died shortly after giving birth to Smith, at the young age of 21, possibly from childbirth complications -- a common hazard on the frontier.  (Two of Smith Jackson's daughters later confirmed that his mother died when he was very young).

With two small children to care for, Philip could hardly be without a wife for long.  So on 7 April 1836, he married Catherine Hamilton.  The union was unusual in that the bride was only 11 or 12 years old at the time.  Her gravestone gives her birthdate as 1 April 1810 & therefore her age at marriage as 26, & her death in 1907 as 97.  However she could not have been that old;  her descendants who ordered the gravestone must have been guessing at when she was born.  Her marriage record from 1836 has been discovered, however, & it clearly states:  "she not being of lawful age, the consent of her parents was obtained."  This would only have been the case if she were less than 13 years old at the time.  As further evidence, their first child (named George Washington Jackson) was not born until ten years later in 1846.  So she must have been born ca. 1824 or 1825 perhaps indeed on 1 Apr. if her birthday, not birth year, had been correctly remembered by the family).  This would have made her 82 at the time of her death. 

Their second child, Thomas Jefferson Jackson (the Jacksons were very patriotic), was born in 1842.  Catherine bore Philip eight more children, the last in 1858.

Philip & his family lived next to Philip's father in Johnson Township [N 1/2 of the NW 1/4, & the NW1/4 of the NE1/4 of Sec. 18, T39N, R1E, plus the SE1/4 of the SE1/4 of Sec. 13 , T39N, R1W], on land Philip purchased from George Crepnell in 1847 & later patented in 1848.  Two years later he appears on the 1850 census for Liberty Township, in Washington County.

Shortly thereafter he is known to have moved west some miles to Edgar Springs in what later became Phelps County, where he purchased 463 acres in 1854 [lot 6 NW quarter, Sec. 1;  plus the W half of lot 7, NE quarter of Sec.1, T34N, RNW; & the SE quarter of the SW quarter of Sec.36 , T35N, R9W; & the SE quarter of the SE quarter of Sec. 35, T35N, R9W; & the W half of the SE quarter of Sec. 36].  He later purchased even more, & is known to have homesteaded a total of 600 acres of land near Edgar Springs.  His neighbors in Edgar Springs included his cousins George Sally (Jr.) & (George's son) John A. Sally.  Geroge's grandfather William Salle, was also the father of Philip's mother, Jinny Sally.   George had first patented land  in Edgar Springs in 1841 & was well established by the time Philip arrived;  this was, no doubt, not a coincidence of where to settle. 

**When Philip wasn't farming his lands he hauled freight with oxen & mule teams for the Meramec Iron Works, transporting pig iron to St. Louis & bringing back bacon & other commodities for the iron workers, miners & woodcutters who supplied the smelter with charcoal.  When the iron ore deposits began to play out, the Iron Works shipments dwindled.  Philip then purchased the grist mill at Yancy [later called Yancy Mills] & 80 acres of prime bottom land for farming on the Little Piney River, on 7 Dec. 1857, for the substantial sum $3,500.  The Yancy Mill had been built in 1846 by David Lennox & Lindsey Coppage.  It was an impressive structure for the frontier of those days - 50 feet high, 40 feet wide & 60 feet long, beautifully constructed of massive square logs on a stone foundation.  It was the only mill in the county at that time, so Philip kept it in operation day & night.  The original owner of the mill site, Anthony Kitchen, had opened a trading post & a store in a nearby log cabin.  This store was later run by the men who built the mill, & was probably taken over by Philip for the sale of flour & corn meal after he purchased the mill in 1857.

Philip also purchased farm land including what was later known as George Lane Place, including half of Lane Springs [W half of the NW quarter, N half of the SW quarter, & the SE quarter of the SW quarter, Sec. 32, T36N, R8W].  Philip Jackson appears on the 1860 census for Little Piney Township in Phelps County, living with his wife Catherine & children Louisa (16), General Andrew (7), Mary (6), & Nancy (3), right next door to his son George Washington Jackson & wife Sarah Cardell. 

Social life in those day centered around community gatherings, especially church meetings, school meetings, pie-suppers, picnics, & other celebrations of all kinds.  Such events were the only recreation available, & were the only place to get news (transmitted entirely by word of mouth in the days before local newspapers were founded).  The town of Yancy had a celebration every 4th of July in the field next to Philip Jackson's mill, & partying would continue on into the evening at Philip's house.  There was also a big community picnic & dance held every year in nearby Gourd Creek Cave.  A large plank dance floor was even installed inside the large cave entrance.  According to Cecil King (History of Yancy Mills 1996), "The Jacksons & many other families would attend these picnics, & many families had group pictures made of the family while at the picnic."

When the Civil War began, Missouri was in an awkward position.  Though a slave state as a result of the "Missouri Compromise" in 1820, Missouri did not secede from the Union.  Consequently the loyalties of the populace were divided, & Union troops from anti-slavery states were not always as friendly as might have been wished.  The Union government quartered troops at Rolla, Missouri, the end of the Frisco Railroad at that time.  These troops were unpaid, or paid only in worthless "scrip,"  & had to forage off the land in order to eat.  They caused so much disruption & made off with so much grain that Philip was eventually forced to abandoned the mill.

Scavenging troops were not the only danger.  It was during these difficult times that a government detective came into the area looking for the notorious Civil War bushwacker [bushwackers amounted to terrorists during the Civil War] known as Wild Bill Wilson.  Wilson had been a local well-to-do farmer originally intent upon not taking sides in the Civil War.  However, after Union troops burned his house to the ground because of a mistaken assumption that he was already part of a local gang, he vowed to get even with "them devils".  His main area of operation was around Yancy where he had friends & relatives.  He hid out in local caves which he stockpiled with food & supplies for himself & his horse "Bullit".  He & other bushwackers roamed the Ozark Hills at will, causing chaos for the Army.  Wilson met up with the detective at Philip's home & killed him on a hill overlooking the house.  Philip had to bury the body to keep soldiers from finding it & then killing someone in retaliation.

On another occasion, three soldiers had tracked Wilson to Jackson's Mill, where they had often stopped for a free meal.  Wilson had hidden his horse in a shed, & the soldiers had found it, then began searching the mill for him.  When one soldier stopped to fill his pipe & lit a match, Bill jumped out from the shadows with both pistols firing & killed all three soldiers before they could react.  He escaped easily, & a few days later single-handedly raided a supply wagon train, killing or running off all the drivers& burning the goods after taking what he wanted (King. 1996). 

In addition to commandeering food, troops often forcibly drafted young men into service, or sent them to prison camps to keep them from fighting for the other side.  On one occasion about 25 Union troops from Ft. Wyman at Rolla stopped at Jackson's mill just at supper time & demanded to be fed.  The only female at home was 16-year-old daughter Sarah Ann.  The soldiers had with them a young boy they were holding as a prisoner.  Sarah said she needed wood to cook with, so the captain ordered the boy to go chop some wood, & Sarah went along to help carry it back.  Taking pity on the boy, she told him to make a run for it while she chopped the wood, & the sound of chopping would make the soldiers think he was still there.  After stalling, & chopping, as long as she could, she went back without the boy.  Immediately the soldiers mounted their horses & took off after him. Whether they found him or not, Sarah never did find out, but odds are they tracked him down & killed him, otherwise Sarah herself would have been held responsible for his escape.  [Sarah's grandson, Jack Fore, heard this story from her when she was young - recounted in King's History of Yancy Mills.]

After the surrender of Lee at Appomatox, Wild Bill Wilson was still a wanted man.  He left for Texas, wrote to his wife in someone else's name & told her Bill Wilson had been killed (she was said to be in on this deception), & lived to a ripe old age under an assumed name.  At least that's the story the old timers told about him.  Philip Jackson's brother, John Jackson, married Wild Bill's widow, Mary Noakes Wilson (a woman of fiery temperment).  Philip Jackson's niece Luvisa (daughter of sister Martha Patsey) had a more tragic encounter with bushwackers during the war:  They entered her home, stood her husband of three months (George Sally) in front of the fire place, & shot him.  He just stood there.  Luvisa went to him when the bushwackers had left, & he was still standing there dead. 

The animosity & hatred of the Civil War continued well after Lee's, especially in Missouri.  The government was still tracking down bushwackers & punishing Southern sympathizers.  In may of 1865 William Conner had been murdered by the bushwackers George Connelly & Anthony Wright, son of Judge Lewis F. Wright, a good friend of the Jackson family.  A band of vigilantes traced them to Judge Wright's house, where they found Conner's horse.  Col. Thomas J. Babcoke & a troop of soldiers were subsequently dispatched to the Wright household, where they arrested Judge Wright & his four other sons (Anthony having escaped) on 17 August 1865.  Shortly after being taken away by the soldiers, supposedly for trial, the prisoners were all murdered.  At the inquest, Philip Jackson's son Thomas Jefferson Jackson & brother John Jackson were both called to testify.  Thomas testified to having visited Judge Wright's house the night of the murders & found a tense situation with about 30 soldiers under command of Col. Babcoke, some of whom he overheard saying to each other that they should kill every damned person in the place.  Thomas then went to his father Philip's home where, following the murders, a detachment of soldiers arrived, stayed all night & "were all over the house."  John Jackson testified that he had heard about the killings the same night, & saw the bodies lying in the road, with bullet holes all around in the ground.  He later saw the bodies piled in a wagon at John Grayson's house.  He feared for his own safety at that point, because he had known the Judge very well.  None of the Jacksons were harmed, though, in the end Col. Babcoke & his men were acquitted. 

On 7 Feb. 1866 Philip finally sold the mill (now somewhat deteriorated from several years of disuse) along with the associated 80 acres to Thomas Snodgrass, husband of Philip's daughter Louisa Jane Jackson, for $1500.  The year before, in 1865, Thomas had apparently made a down payment on the property by paying off a $783 loan Philip had taken from Judge Wright shortly before his murder by the Union troops.  In 1868 Philip sued Thomas for the balance still due on the mill & it was paid. 

Philip lived another 10 years following the Civil War.  He appears on the 1870 census for Spring Creek Township (which appears to have absorbed the former Little Piney Township) with wife Catherine, daughter Mary (12) & their deaf & dumb daughter Charlotte (14).  He is shown living between the households of his son Thomas Jefferson Jackson(& wife Harriet Fore), on one side & his daughter Sarah Ann Jackson, wife of William Harrison Fore, on the other side.  In1872 Philip sold his farm land on the Little Piney River & retired to his house on the "George Lane Place," where he passed away in 1875.  He is said to be buried in the Pillman [Yancy] Cemetery, a quarter mile west of Lane Springs above the house where he lived, but his headstone has not been recorded. 

*Philip's will lists his surviving children as "Smith Jackson, Susan [Jackson] Northcut, Louisa [Jackson] Snodgrass, T[homas] J[efferson] Jackson, [Andrew] General Jackson, Mary A. [Jackson] Fore, Nancy A. [Jackson] Galbreth, & Charlotta Jackson.  Catherine survived Philip by 32 years, living to the remarkable (for those times) age of 82 before dying in 1907.  Her grave is located in Jackson Cemetery, Phelps County, on the corner of her son Thomas's old farm, along with several other Jacksons (but not  Philip).  The late Eugene Jackson, who prepared a massive descendancy of Philip & his father, estimate that Philip Jackson currently has at least 1,600 descendants, many of them still living in the Phelps & Washington County areas of Missouri. 

Among the more interesting names given to Jackson family members is that of William P. Jackson's son, Andrew "General" Jackson, born in 1828.  Clearly this name reflects the popularity of General Andrew Jackson, who had been elected President of the United States in that same year.  Missouri was part of the southern block of states that voted for Jackson, & the people considered his election to be a victory for the common people over the forces of privilege in Washington.  Furthermore the new president was a former Indian fighter who advocated the complete removal of the indigenous tribes of Missouri to make way for the continued white settlement.  So he was a popular guy in Missouri.  Andrew General Jackson no doubt received his middle name to demonstrate clearly that he was not named after just any Andrew Jackson, but after the  General Andrew Jackson the Indian fighter; throughout his life he went by the name "General".  His older brother, Philip Jackson (our direct ancestor), perpetuated the name by naming his eighth child General Andrew Jackson (he was listed as G. A. on the 1860 census) in 1852; he, too, went by the name "General."  

**When Phillip and his sons hauled freight to and from St. Louis with oxen, it would take at least ten days to make the round trip! Thomas Jefferson Jackson told of one trip during a very cold Winter of how they drove their team of oxen across the Mississippi River on the ice!!

*Phillip's will doesn't list son Elias Anthony Jackson because he had obviously passed away prior to the will. What is a mystery to me is that the very much alive  daughter Sarah Ann (Jackson) Fore isn't listed in the will! Perhaps she had already been forwarded an inheritence of some sort prior to the will?  



Smith Jackson  1834 - 1906

Smith Jackson, Philip's eldest son, was an interesting character.  He is known to have married three times, fathered at least 18 children, served as town marshal, fought in the Civil War, & survived a final altercation with the infamous convicted murderer Richard Marshall whom he had arrested for killing his uncle. 

Smith Jackson was born on January 1, 1834, the second in his family to be born following the move to Missouri.  He grew up around Indian Creek in Johnson [then Liberty] Township, but around 1850 (at the age of 16) he moved with his family to the Edgar Springs area.  Like his younger half brother, Thomas Jefferson "Jeff" Jackson, he probably helped his father haul freight by ox wagon to St. Louis & back the round trip taking at least ten days.   [Jeff in later years served as a Justice of the Peace & raised black cattle & honey bees on his farm on Corn Creek.]  They must have kept in close touch with their friends on Indian Creek however, because seven years later Smith married Eada [Eda, Ede, Ada, Eady......the Simmons Family Bible appears to spell her name Ede] Simmons on May 31, 1855.  Eada's father had a farm on Indian Creek. 

Eada was born on June 3. 1839, in [Henry County?] Tennessee the daughter of John Austin Simmons (born 1816 in North Carolina) & Rachel H. Sparks (born 1824 in Tennessee).  Eada along with her parents & infant brother Joseph, had moved to Missouri in 1841/42;  seven more siblings were added to her family in the following years.  No photo of Eada has survived following her marriage, their home & possessions suffered three serious fires.  But we may surmise that she was stout. 

On  June 10, 1857,  Smith Jackson patented a 120-acre farm just a half mile west of the Simmons farm [covering the S half of the SE quarter plus the SE quarter of the SW quarter of Sec. 27, R1W, T40N].

[To visit these properties go south from Sullivan about 10 miles on Highway 185, then turn left/east on Briggs Rd. After a half mile the road begins passing through what was Smith Jackson's farm, continuing for three-fourths of a mile.  Then after another half mile the road passes through John Simmons' old property for half a mile before culminating at Indian Creek.  About a mile south is an old cemetery where many people from the early days are buried, known as the New Hope or Bryant or Hulsey Cemetery - a survey of the cemetery is kept in the Potosi Library.]

Eada's mother, Rachel Sparks, died in early 1860, & on Oct. 4, 1860 John Simmons remarried, to Sarah Anderson Calvert.  Together John & Sarah had nine more children, to add to the 13 he'd had with Rachel Sparks. 

Neither Eada or any of the Jacksons have left much of a written record of what their life in Missouri was like in those days.  But Eada's stepmother Sarah wrote a letter to the Sullivan News  dated June 29, 1914, responding to an article that had been published about pioneers in Franklin County.  She tells that her parents came from Indiana to Missouri (probably around 1815 - 1820), & she lists her siblings.  She herself was born in 1830, the second youngest of eight children.  She writes:

We were all born in the old homestead [on Cedar Fork near the Newport trading post, before the town of Sullivan was founded].  The houses we lived in were made of logs.  They were one-story with puncheon [large wood slab] floors.  The doors were made of clapboard hung on wooden hinges.  On still mornings one could hear them squeaking quite a distance.  The windows consisted of a hole in the wall with shutters made of boards;  sometimes they were hung on wooden hinges, often they used buckskin for hinges. 

The only religious denominations I knew were Methodist & Baptist.  The dance of those days was the reel.  The men stood facing the women & they danced between each other, then they swung those on the other side.  Children from 8 to 14 years old in the summer danced barefooted on the puncheon floors.  Buckskin breeches were common, dried venison & honey were abundant.  It seems to me that people were happier then than they are now.  I have often compared the life of today with the life of those days.  In my young days when neighbors visited each other they went on Saturday & stayed all night.  These old people would talk over their troubles & share in their sorrows, & rejoice over their successes.  Such a thing as a neighbor charging a neighbor for help was unheard of. 

When we moved on this farm there was no Sullivan Town, the Frisco Railroad hadn't been built yet.  There was a settlement at Reedsville & one about the Copper mines in Copper Hollow. On the river was a big camp ground where camp meetings were held once a year, lasting a month or so.  People came from long distances to camp & attend the meetings.  But many of the land marks of those early days are gone, & the people are most all dead. 

Smith Jackson enrolled in the Union Army on Sept. 5, 1865 to fight in the Civil War.  He was then 30, & served as a private under Capt. Loft in Company K of the 63rd Regiment, E.M.M., Leesburg, Missouri.  The year before he had apparently served some months September 5 to December 2, 1864) under Col. Warmouth in Sullivan, Missouri.  Following the war he returned to his family at Indian Creek in Washington County.  His presence there is documented by an indictment for gambling 2 December 1865....perhaps a poker game was raided, because he & Eugene Godat, Felix Beguette, John Northcutt & James Munday were all fined $10 each. 

Elizabeth Jackson (Smith Jackson's paternal aunt), married Richard Marshall, a choice she no doubt came to regret.  Marshall, listed in the 1860 census as a "laborer," was known as generally "quarrelsome" & was regarded as a dangerous man in the community.  On 4 September 1862 an incident took place in which Marshall showed how quarrelsome he could be.  Marshall was returning from Potosi to Indian Creek on horseback, in the company of Smith Jackson & David N. Baker; the three had been serving jury duty in Potosi.  While walking their horses David & Marshall got into an argument which became increasingly heated.  A fight erupted between them, Marshall pulled a knife & killed Baker.  Smith Jackson was at that time 29 years old & apparently serving as the local marshal or sheriff in the Sullivan/Indian Creek area [Levi Garret later testified in court that it was Smith Jackson who then "arrested Richard Marshall].  Although Richard Marshall was Smith Jackson's uncle by marriage, David N. Baker was a blood uncle of Smith Jackson, being the brother of Smith's mother "Kate" Susan Baker, so family loyalty on Smith's part would not have favored Marshall.  Smith Jackson arrested Marshall & brought him to trial, where he [Jackson] was probably the only eyewitness to what had happened.  Marshall was convicted of murder on Smith Jackson's testimony & sentenced to be hanged on July 9.  This sentence was commuted to life imprisonment.  However, after just a few years behind bars, Richard Marshall was released from prison in 1866 or 1867 by way of being pardoned to join the army.

While he had been imprisoned in St. Louis in 1865, Marshall had told Smith Jackson's half-uncle, Allen Jasper Jackson, not to "take anything off the Smith Jackson nor David Baker (presumable referring to the son of the David N. Baker he had killed, & for whose murder he was imprisoned), nor none of the rest of the dogs that live around there."  Marshall promised that he would eventually come home, settle with his enemies & "finish Smith Jackson."  The following year, in May of 1866, another half-uncle of Smith Jackson, Thomas A. Jackson, visited Marshall in prison.  Marshall stamped his foot & vowed that if he was ever released he would arm himself & come out to Washington County & kill Smith Jackson.

In the summer of 1867, probably having deserted the Army at the first opportunity, Marshall returned to Washington County, & according to Allen Jasper Jackson, his return "created a general terror in the community where he lived."  Marshall visited Levi Garret, another of Smith Jackson's half-uncles, on August 3rd, & repeatedly stated that if Smith Jackson "ever dirtied his path that he intended to clean it for him."  According to Garrett, only three miles separated Smith Jackson's home & Marshall' home.

The inevitable meeting took place in the nearby town of Sullivan.  Tired of waiting for Marshall to attack him at home, & perhaps fearing for the safety of his family in such a shoot-out, Smith Jackson armed himself & went to Sullivan.  According to witnesses at the trial, what then took place was as follows:

Smith Jackson came walking around the freight house & saw Marshall standing some distance away on the porch of the H.B. Clark & Company Store, with H. B. Clark.  Jackson drew his pistol &, as he crossed the railroad tracks, too aim at Marshall.  Clark saw what was about to happen & dived for cover inside the door.  Jackson fired, at a distance of about 30 paces [perhaps 90 to 100 feet], hitting Marshall in the right side of the head.  Marshall fell, mortally wounded, blood gushing from his head.  He had apparently never seen Jackson coming.  Jackson walked up on the porch, looked at Marshall & asked him "Is that enough?"  Then he proceeded to the nearby ticket office operated by Essure Melvin & said, "Mr. Melvin, I am ready to give myself up," & sat down.  An examination of Marshall's body revealed a small single-barrel percussion pistol in his inside vest pocket, a box of percussion caps, a flask of powder & a supply of pistol balls in his other pocket.

[NOTE:  Marshall's small, single-barrel vest pocket pistol (apparently not a derringer, or it would have been described as such) was most likely a Colt Model 1855 sidehammer pistol, a popular personal weapon of the time.  Smith Jackson's pinpoint marksmanship at that distance would have required a longer-barreled weapon for better accuracy.  *As a Civil War veteran he had probably retained his Army service sidearm, which would most likely have been a Colt Model 1860 Army revolver.]

Smith Jackson was tried for the killing of Richard Marshall on August 7, 1867, with J. Frederick Speck & Samuel P. Melvin presiding.  Witnesses for the Defense all testified to Smith Jackson's "general good character."  "He always bore the name of a peaceable & quiet citizen" said Allen Jasper Jackson.  Even a prosecution witness (perhaps an in-law relative), Joseph Musgrove, remarked that Smith Jackson had "always born a very good character."  It was generally agreed that Smith Jackson had been given sufficient cause to fear for his life;  he was consequently acquitted on the grounds of justifiable homicide.  Such a verdict would be unlikely today, but we must remember that in those days Missouri was the Wild West, & law was simpler, with a solid basis in the common sense of the community.  And besides, everyone was probably very glad to be rid of Richard Marshall. (Story from:  Wendell Wilson)

Eada died on December 30, 1870, after having given birth to 10 children.  Two of these children, Mary ("Molly") & Melissa, married brothers Albert & John Ulmer Wilson, Melissa & John being our direct ancestors. 

Smith Jackson then married Sarah A. Musgrove, daughter of Gilbert "Simpson" Musgrove [he always went by his middle name, perhaps to avoid confusion with his father, Gilbert Musgrove], on April 22, 1872 in Washington County.  Simpson Musgrove & his wife, Mary Ann Cunningham, were part Caucasian but primarily of Cherokee Indian extraction.  Simpson's father, Gilbert (born 1769 in Loudoun Co., VA; died 1850 in Scotland Co., MO), was the son of William Musgrove of Loudoun Co., son of John Musgrove (1683 - 1746) of Fairfax, VA, son of immigrant ancestor Cuthbert Musgrave [the original spelling of the family name], born in 1644 in England & died in 1687 in Prince Georges Co., Maryland, where he owned a 150 acre tobacco farm near Shrewsbury.  Cuthbert was from an old English family that had lived in Crookdale, Cumberland for eight generations, & before that had resided in Hartley Castle, Kirkby Stephen, Westmooreland since the days of Thomas de Musgrave (1220 - 1314).  Thomas traced his line back to Gamel (born about 1030), Lord of Musgrave, in Westmooreland.

Simpson Musgrove had been born in Frederick County, Maryland, just across the state line from Loudoun County, Virginia, in 1804.  In 1805 his parents, Gilbert Musgrove (1769-1850) & Dorcas Lee Whittington (1768-1840), moved their family west, settling first in Mason County, Kentucky, then by 1820 had moved to Nicholas County, Kentucky, & around 1832 had moved to Lewis County, in northeastern Missouri.  Around 1825 to 1830 Simpson had married an unknown woman who bore him a boy (in 1825-1830) & a girl (in 1830-1835).  In 1839 Simpson was given a government land grant of 40 acres in Ralls County, Missouri, where he perhaps farmed for a short while.  This was in the same area of northeastern Missouri where his father & brothers had settled. 

What became of his wife is unknown - perhaps she died.  On 11 Feb. 1840 Simpson married Mary Ann Cunningham in Perry County, Missouri & they are listed together with the two children on the 1840 census for Perry County.  Perry County is situated on the Mississippi riverboat route downstream from his father's & brother's farms in the northeastern counties, & accessible by riverboat from Mary's hometown of Louisville, Kentucky on the Ohio River.  (Most Missouri settlers in 1830 - 1850 lived in the counties closest to the Mississippi River & , to a lesser extent, the Missouri River.)  By 1850 the family had moved to Richwoods Twp. in Washington County, & on the 1860 & 1870 censuses they are found in Johnson Twp., Washington County, living very close to Smith Jackson's farm.  Simpson's wife Mary died in the 1870's & by 1880 he had moved in with his daughter Mary Elizabeth & her husband, William Harrison Baker [Smith Jackson's cousin on his mother's side] in Prairie Twp., Franklin County, & presumably died there some time after 1880.  There is documentary evidence in the County Courthouse records that Simpson Musgrove served as a justice of the peace (J.P. is written after his name) as well as a farmer. 

Sarah Musgrove appears to have born Smith Jackson two sons, George Chester Jackson, in 1874, & Jonas Walter Jackson, in 1877.  The marriage didn't last, however.  Their divorce was recorded in 1876 [Washington County Circuit Court J:563].  Smith's granddaughter, ***Gertrude Dace, who reported the young wife leaving him, said "I don't blame her; with all the poor little kids he had."  It appears that Sarah may have been pregnant, perhaps unknowingly, at the time of the divorce.  Jonas Walter was born on 16 July 1877 & would have been conceived at about the time the divorce became final.  Sarah Musgrove died in 1877, at the age of 24, perhaps as a result of childbirth complications. 

On Dec. 31, 1877 Smith Jackson married for the third & last time, to Sarah Jane Mercer (born in Washington County October 10, 1849; died Feb. 14, 1923), eldest daughter of Isaac H. Mercer (born in Ohio in 1808) & Susan Olive Hill (born in Ohio on 3 April 1832).  Isaac & his brother Joseph were brickmasons who came to Johnson Township in the middle 1840's.  They had married sisters Susan & Catherine Hill, daughters of Jesse Brittle Hill (born in South Carolina) & Francis Anthony (born in Pennsylvania). They lived in Johnson Township for the rest of their lives, for many years as next door neighbors; Isaac died in the mid-1870's & Susan died on 10 Feb. 1910.  Isaac & Susan had nine children all together:  Sarah Jane [1849], Catherine [1850], Jonas M. [1852], Mary G. [1856], Elizabeth [1859], Susan Zillah [1862], Laura P. [1865], Isaac William [1867], & Margaret L. [1872], (all listed in the census records). 

Smith & Sarah had at least seven more children.  Judging from a photo of Sarah Jane taken around 1900 when she was over 50 years old & still looking thin & elegant, she must have been rather goodlooking a quarter of a century earlier at the time she became Smith Jackson's third wife. 

Smith Jackson received a minimal but adequate education in his youth, as was typical of life on the frontier.  One needed only to be able to read the Bible & take care of routine business documents in order to be considered satisfactorily literate.  The only surviving letter written by him is dated 7 April 1900, when he was 67 years old, addressed to his grandson William Wilson in Crescent City, Illinois.  [This William was John Ulmer Wilson & Melissa Jackson Wilson's son, William Ulmer Wilson, born in 1878 in Franklin County, Missouri.]  The penmanship is clear & well formed, though good spelling, grammar & punctuation are lacking.  The return address printed on the stationery reads: "Smith Jackson, Real Estate Agent, Sullivan, MO."  From this is would appear that Smith Jackson had a small real estate business in his later years.  The text of this letter to "Willie Wilson" reads as follows:

Der gSon

Your pictureus come all OK and was glad to get them and think tha good ones and have Sent the ple [3 the ones] you wanted to have them      it is tou her fore eny thing to grow much an very dry     nead rane badly    tho the peple is done Sewin oats Walter is staying with us makin ties      We will commence brakin fore corn  mo[n]day next      I am Surfin very much with rheumatism       Cant Sleep of and cante Set Still Some days     So i will quit fore this time     mi best respect to you and wife

Yours, Smith Jackson 

Smith Jackson may not have been well-known as a real estate agent, but is known to have turned a few good land deals, perhaps simply on an occasional basis as opportunities presented themselves.  For example, in 1867 he purchased 82 acres from Margaret Hecock for $40 & sold it to Thomas J. Hammond an unknown sum.  Then in 1871 bought it back from Hammond for $50.  A year later, in 1872, he sold that same property to his sister Susan Jackson Northcutt (widow of George Northcut) for $175.....a nice profit.  In 1875 he & his son-in-law Andrew Jackson McIntosh purchased at public auction a Sheriff's deed to the 120-acre property of Aaron W. Tullis that had been seized in a legal action - they got it for $23.50.  And in 1874, presumably as part of a larger deal, Smith Jackson purchased from G. I. Van Alen a 240-acre tract of land for the grand sum of three dollars. 

The Sullivan Sentinel  often reported on the comings & goings of people in the area, & members of the Jackson clan are commonly mentioned visiting or traveling or coming down sick or getting well.  On September 4, 1903, the newspaper reported "A Big Fish Fry" as follows:

A big fish fry was had down by the Hub Factory ford [presumably on Indian Creek] last Sunday, consisting of the [Smith] Jackson Family, friends from a distance & near-by neighbors. Miss Jessie Jackson [Smith's Jackson's daughter age 18], Rush Jackson [his son age 23], Mr. & Mrs. Fitzsimmons [his daughter Bertha, age 20, & her husband James, married just two years earlier] & Walter Simmons [perhaps a relative of Smith Jackson's first wife, Eada Simmons, or a misprint for Smith's son Walter Jackson, or a misprint for a Fitzsimmons relative] came out on the excursion & other were present from other parts.  In all there were about sixty people in the crowd & it is reported that they had more fish than they all could eat.  The excursionists all returned in the evening except Mrs. Fitzsimmons, who remains out [presumably visiting at her father's house] for a week.

When Smith Jackson became seriously ill in 1906, the editor of the Sullivan Sentinel  wrote about the visits made to Jackson's bedside by his many friends, displaying their affection & concern about his illness.  His death notice (Sullivan Sentinel, Feb. 16, 1906) read as follows:

Smith Jackson, familiarly known as "Uncle Smith," died at his home six miles east of Sullivan, Wednesday afternoon at 3 o'clock, Feb. 14, 1906.  He was born in Washington County, January 1, 1834, being 72 years, 1 month & 13 days old at the time of his death.  He was born not far from the place of his death & lived had lived in that locality all his life.  He probably had more to do with the development of the county, & was better known for many miles around, than any other man.  His relationship [descendancy] is very extended, having been married three times & the father of eighteen children, sixteen of whom are now living. 

He joined the Masonic Lodge at Steelville about 30 years ago [1876], transferring to the Sullivan Lodge after it was organized, & has always been a faithful & loyal member.

He had been in poor health for some time, & the end was no surprise to those who were at all familiar with his condition.  Arrangements have been made for the funeral to be preached Sunday at one o'clock at the Baptist Church in Sullivan, after which interment will be made at the Buffalo Cemetery (in the Odd Fellow addition).  The Masonic Lodge  of Sullivan will have charge of the services, Rev. J. R. Hamlin preaching the funeral sermon.

Smith Jackson's funeral was said to be one of the largest that the town of Sullivan had ever seen.  The Rev. J. R. Hamblin, a well known pioneer preacher in the area, conducted the memorial service.  The Masonic Lodge's published tribute read:  "A good & useful man has gone from us forever.  He was devoted to his family, true to his friends, & he left a void not easily filled." 

Smith Jackson's personal estate amounted to $832 in cash, & he died possessed of about 120 acres of land worth about $1,000, which by law went to his widow Sarah Jane.  Sarah was also paid "her dower" of $400, for one year of supplies.  The remaining cash was divided among his children as follows:  $35 to his daughter Elizabeth, $25 to his daughter Mary ("Mollie") Wilson, $35 to his daughter Olive Frances ("Fanny") $35 to his daughter Bertha, $25 to his son William, $25 to his daughter Rachel, $35 to his son Albert, $25 to his son John, $25 to his daughter Jessie, & $25 to his daughter Mary Ellen.  He left nothing to his daughters Catherine, Melissa, Laura Lee Jackson [a daughter-in-law?] & Elizabeth, or to his sons Walter & Rush who all presumably in less financial need.  As an attorney later observed, "He seemed to have [had] more children than anything else."  The application for letters of administration filed in the County Courthouse lists all of Smith Jackson's surviving children with the single exception of George Chester Jackson, his one son from his brief marriage to Sarah Musgrove;  apparently George had moved to St. Louis at an early age & long ago lost contact with his family;  he is, however, known to have survived until at least 1956!

The detailed appraisal of Smith Jackson's personal property is still on file in the County Courthouse.  Apparently the family was musical, because he owned an organ, which must have been a fairly nice one because it was valued at $20, quite a bit in those days.  He also owned a silver watch & a shotgun [both of which went to his widow Sarah], but he no longer possessed the pistol that had shot Richard Marshall......presumably it had been passed on to one of his sons at an earlier date.  He had the usual chairs, tables, carpets, bedsteads, a bookcase, two heaters of some kind, a dresser, kitchen items & food stores [including 100 pounds of bacon].  He owned a two horse buggy & a one horse buggy, three horses, two mules, various plows & farm implements, a grindstone, & two horse drawn-wagons.  His livestock, in addition to the horses & mules, included nine pigs, six cows, two calves, one bull, five steers, 30 sheep & 15 lambs.  His widow Sarah received most of the livestock as well.  Other items were sold off at public auction.

**The late genealogist Ruth Kline Lee believed his full name was William Smith Jackson, based on family tradition among several of his children [she was personally acquainted with a number of them], but no actual documentation has survived to verify this.  His father Philip's will lists him simply as "Smith Jackson," as does his marriage record, the family bible, various land & legal documents, & his own tombstone.  The recent compilation by Gene Jackson gives his name as "H. Smith Jackson"--however, the "H" is probably a misreading of a script "W," which in the handwriting of the times, could look nearly identical.  Furthermore, he named his eldest son Philip [after his father], & his second eldest son he named "William Smith."  The name raises intriguing questions as to it's source.  Inasmuch as Smith is clearly a last name, we must assume that the three Smith Jacksons all trace their name to a man or woman whose last name was Smith.  If William was indeed Smith Jackson's real first name, as it definitely was for his uncle & son, then it is highly probable that he was named for a William Smith.  This theory is strengthened by the fact that Smith Jackson's uncle, a son of William P. Jackson, was named "William T. Smith Jackson"---very likely after someone named William T. Smith, considering the unusual insertion of the initial "T."

This, then, begs the question of exactly who William T. Smith might have been to have been so honored three times in naming the sons in three generations:  by William P. Jackson, by his son Philip (Smith Jackson's father), & by Smith Jackson himself.  The answer must go back at least as far as the family's years in Kentucky because William T. Smith Jackson, the earliest namesake, was born there in 1814.  The name of William P. Jackson's first wife (the mother of Abner Jackson) is unknown;  perhaps William T. Smith was her father.  It seems rather unlikely, however, that he would be so honored by the naming of a child two wives later.  William T. Smith Jackson was Jane Sally's second son;  the name of Jane's mother (wife of John Sallee) is still unknown.  The most likely possibility, then, is that Jane's mother was the daughter of William T. Smith, & that William T. Smith was therefore William P. Jackson's grandfather-in-law & Philip Jackson's maternal great grandfather.  Jane Sally died right around the time of Smith Jackson's birth in 1834, & it would not be unreasonable to suppose that Philip might have named his son after his great-grandfather at that time. 

Even if "William" was not Smith Jackson's first name, the strongest theory is still that his father Philip's unknown grandmother was a Smith, daughter of a William T. Smith.  The professional genealogist Bruce Harmon of Lineages, Inc. in Salt Lake City (a researcher employed extensively by the late Gene Jackson to study Jackson genealogy) has found no evidence of a William T. Smith, at least in Missouri, although a William Smith was one of the earliest settlers in nearby Meramec Township in Washington County, Missouri before 1837.  Because so many records in Marion/Washington County, Kentucky were destroyed by fire during the Civil War, we may never have actual documentation of John Sally's marriage, so we will provisionally accept this theory on "best evidence," such as it is.

*Since the writing of this text, I have located the past owner of the Smith Jackson weapon that was used to kill Richard Marshall. George Tutterow of Sullivan purchased the weapon from Willard and Elizabeth Dace, Elizabeth was the youngest of all of Smith Jackson's children. In a phone interview with Mr. Tutterow, he described the pistol as being  an 1858 New Army Remington 44 caliber  six shot cap and ball revolver. I was surprised that the pistol hadn't already been converted to a cartridge style as was so very common immediately after the Civil War. Above is a photo of an exact replica of the Smith Jackson pistol used to kill Richard Marshall in 1867.

**Since the writing of this text I have located an old mourning card from the Smith Jackson funeral of 1906 that reads W. Smith Jackson. This still  doesn't prove his first name was William, but I'd bet it was as his grandfathers' name was William. (William P. Jackson)

***A few years back I was invited to a Dace-Whitworth Family reunion on Brazil Creek at Anthonie's Mill, Mo. While there, I was informed by more than one Dace family member that as Sarah (Musgrove) Jackson was leaving Smith Jackson, she crept up behind him and walloped poor Smith upside the head with a cast iron skillet!! We can only hope for Smith's sake it was a size #10 skillet or smaller!


Wm. H. & Sarah A. Jackson Fore Family Photo

William H. Fore was a son of Benjamin & Sabe (Stogsdill) Fore.  Photo taken before 1916 as William H. Fore passed away in Oct. of that year.  All members in the photo are some of William & Sarah's children.  Identification as follows: Back row left to right:  Charlie, Sidney (Jinks), Ben, Kate, William, John & Ella.  Front row: Amanda (Mandy), William Harrison & Sarah Ann (Jackson) Fore.

Sarah Ann (Jackson) Fore was a daughter to Philip & Catherine (Hamilton) Jackson.  Note the old women peering our of the window of the log cabin (above bucket). I firmly believe it is Lucretia (Fore) Kelly sister of William H. Fore, judging from other old photos of her. Kate (Fore) Heavin, in back row behind her father, had a deformed mouth because she had eaten lye as a child & the doctor tried to graft some skin by fastening her mouth to her arm.  Poor Kate nearly starved to death!!  William T. Fore in back row to the right of Kate was kicked in the mouth by a horse as a young man.  Folks who remembered him used to tell me they remember a hole in William's face that never really healed as a result of the kick & tobacco juice would ooze out occasionally. Five other children of Wm. & Sarah (Jackson) Fore not pictured are as a result of premature death.  They were as follows: Marion, Lucretia, David Paul, Joseph & Jenni (twins).


Susan (Jackson)Norhcutt, Eldest Child Of Phillip, And George Northcutt Story 

While establishing homes in a forested wilderness, outnumbered by Indians, & where daily survival required arduous labor fraught with unexpected hazards, these early settlers were united by bonds of family, relatives, & friends & sustained by faith & hope for a better life.  They helped & defended one another in times of trouble & sickness; worked & worshipped together; shared one's joys in times of health & plenty & one another's grief in times of misfortune & loss of loved ones.  Their children married, usually within the circle of friends with whom they grew up; & many stayed in Washington County to build homes, churches, & schools, & to raise families of their own who would become honest, patriotic & valued citizens.

By July of 1860 George Northcutt was 35, owned real estate valued at $300 & personal property of like value.  He & Susan had five children:  Melissa ( ); Nancy (7); William Smith (6); Mary Ann (4); & John Wesley (2).  Susan would give birth to Samuel Philip that September.  They had carved out of the wilderness a family home on beautiful Indian Creek, tributary to the Meramec River, cleared & cultivated their land.  Game & fish supplemented their diet of grain, vegetables & fruit, & a spring house kept their perishables cool in the  heat & humidity of Missouri summers.

The following spring, a war between the United States & the several southern states that had passed ordinances secession appeared inevitable.  While the people of Washington County were not in favor of secession, neither were they willing to take up arms against their Southern brethren.  Before a company could be formed to enforce armed neutrality, a small battalion of Federal soldiers from St. Louis took possession of Potosi, the county seat of Washington County, & arrested a number of citizens who were believed to be sympathetic to the southern cause.  These citizens were taken to St. Louis & held for a time as prisoners of war, which action effectually ended any further attempt to secure neutrality in Washington County.

Men from Washington & surrounding counties began to join various military organizations:  some in support of the Confederacy, some in support of the United States, & some in support of the State's Home Guard.

George Northcutt enlisted in the Thirty-First Regiment, Missouri Volunteer Infantry, of the Untied States of America, August 14, 1862.  Melissa was eleven, Nancy, nine, William S., eight, Mary Ann, six, John Wesley, four, & Samuel Philip, not yet two.

Dora Northcutt Kimberlin, granddaughter of George & Susan Northcutt, recounted for her daughter Ethel Kimberlin Shaffer, stories she had heard from the lips of her mother, Mary Celia Josephine Baldridge Northcutt, who was five years of age when she went with her family to Pilot Knob, Missouri, the mustering-in site for the 31st regiment.

Susan Jackson Northcutt (30) & Mary Ann Bryan Baldridge (33) whose husband Darius Baldridge had also enlisted in the 31st, loaded supplies sufficient for two weeks into a wagon &, taking their young children with them, drove a team of horses from their homes on Indian Creek, Washington County, to Pilot Knob, now in Iron County, a distance of over forty miles;  through the woods & across creeks where roads were at best rough wagon trails.  They cared for their children, cooked meals over campfires for their husbands & families, & for two weeks created memories which must last a lifetime, for they would not be together again in mortality.

After they returned to their homes, Susan Northcutt & Mary Ann Baldridge resumed necessary routines for maintaining their families.  Their children helped with the farm & shared moments of fun & laughter as they fished the streams & weeded gardens.  It seems appropriate that the relationship between the youngest children of the two families, Samuel Philip Northcutt & Mary Celia Josephine Baldridge, would ripen into mature love & that they would one day marry, thereby uniting the two families forever. 

George married (1) Susan Jackson, daughter of Philip JACKSON & BAKER on 26 January 1850 in Richwoods, Washington County, Missouri.  Susan was born 15 November 1831in Missouri.  She died 4 July 1898 in Hulsey, Washington, Missouri.

MARR:  Affidavit filed Nov. 23, 1886, Washington Co., Mo.

"Mr. Thomas Flanagan, being duly sworn, deposes & says that he now resides in Washington County, Missouri, & is well acquainted with Susan Northcutt,  the widow of George Northcutt, who was a private in Co. B, 31st Regiment, Mo. Inf. Vols. in the U.S. Service & that he was personally present at the house of Winston Campbell, a Justice of the Peace in the County of Washington, Missouri, on the 26th day of January 1850, & saw the said Campbell lawfully marry the said George Northcutt & the said Susan Jackson.  And that they lived together as man & wife & were known & recognized as such by their neighbors to the time of the death of the said George Northcutt. That the said Winston Campbell is not, and I am not, at all interested in the claim. In witness to Mark: Mary A. Baldridge, Martha Doty, Thomas "X" (his mark) Flanagan 


As Told By
Paul Heavin & Benjamin Earl Jackson

"The Jackson men were large.  Old Uncle General, brother to Jeff, had black hair, a keen mustache & the blackest eyes I ever saw.  They'd bore a hole through you.  He also liked his whiskey."

"One time some of the Jacksons were on a trip & they had to camp out overnight during cold weather.  To make matters worse they didn't have any money or any whiskey.  After some thought they came up with a plan." 

"One man jumped on his horse & rode full tilt to the nearest house yelling, 'Help! Help! Snakebite!'  The poor people of the house gave him a jar of moonshine & Mr. Jackson rode back to camp where he & his brothers drank the brew & relaxed the rest of the evening."

"Once there had been a little trouble with someone & Uncle General was talking to your grandpa. 'Well, Dick,' he said, 'us Jacksons are hard to get along with.'  'No-o-no,' Dick said.  'I wouldn't say that hardly, Uncle.'  'Oh, yes, yes! We're hard to get along with.  You'd might as well own up to it.'  'Oh, I guess we're hard to get along with.' replied Dick.


"Uncle Jeff liked his toddy & his tobacco which he grew on his farm.  One time he said, 'Well, I hear they're goin' to take away our tobaccer.  First they take away our whiskey, now they're goin' to take our tobaccer. I god, if they come around here they're goin' to hear my Winchester pop & there'll be dead bodies to drag away."

"I wouldn't give anyone who votes for Pro-Hi-Bition one dram, even for snake bite."

"When I was about 14 years old Dad sent me to buy several bushels of oats from Uncle Jeff.  Knowing he was a bit hard to get along with I didn't want to go," said Paul.  'Dad cautioned me to humor the old man & all would go well.  At that time a half bushel bucket was used to measure grain.  When I got to Uncle Jeff's place he told me to climb into the bin where the oats were stored & to fill the bucket.  I filled the bucket level but Uncle Jeff said, 'Fill that bucket full.'  I filled the bucket again, being sure that it was more than level.  "Uncle Jeff then hopped into the bin & began filling the pail so high not another grain would stay on & said, 'Now fill those buckets full.  I god, if I go to hell I don't want to go for giving short measure."

"Jeff was a justice of the peace during the Civil War era & in this capacity he visited the Wright family who lived on a farm on Corn Creek.  Soldiers were holding Wright & his four sons because they had searched the Wright's residence & found an old Army coat.  Jeff advised the Wright's to make a break for freedom, but Mr. Wright said, 'I don't believe they will bother us as we have done nothing wrong.'  The officer in charge saw them talking & shouted, 'None of your damn secretin' out there.  I'll have you all shot.'  Jeff immediately left the premises. 

"The Wrights were executed the following morning."

(Milford E. 'Dick' Jackson, son of Jeff Jackson, bought the Wright farm in 1901 & lived there until his death in 1955.)


"John, son of Willie & brother of Philip. was noted for his terrible temper.  On one occasion, he had harvested his corn, putting it into shocks as was the custom in those days, the corn to be brought to the crib during the winter months.  There was a severe storm & the resulting flood washed all but three shocks away.  Uncle John was so enraged he threw the remaining shocks into the river too.  He then got his gun & shot the river."

"Uncle John had married Mary Wilson, widow of Wild Bill Wilson, the bushwhacker of Civil War notoriety.  Mary also had a short fuse.  One morning as they sat down to breakfast, John discovered something he didn't like about the meal.  So he up & pitched his plate out of an open window by the table.  Mary, not to be outdone, pitched her plate out too along with the silverware, cups, saucers, etc.  Uncle John saw this & said, 'By the life, Mary, if we don't stop this we won't have a thing left to eat out of.......'

Thomas Jefferson "Jeff" Jackson loved to bareknuckle fist fight for the sport of it.  Folks would come from miles around to fight him or to simply watch.  This most likely took place at Jeff's Fathers' grist mill at Yancy, Mo. as the mill was usually the gathering spot for entertainment especially while the local folks waited for their grain to be milled.  Jeff also was an admirer of the works of Henry Wadsworth Longfellow.



T. J. Jackson

Thos. Jefferson Jackson, one of the oldest citizens of Phelps County, died at his home near Edgar Springs, Friday, August 28, 1925.  He was in the 85th year of his age. 

The deceased was born near Richwood in Washington County, Mo., April 17, 1841.  When a small boy he came with his parents, Philip Jackson & wife near what is now Edgar Springs.  It was several years before Phelps County was organized.  He united in marriage with Miss Harriette Fore & to this union nine children were born, six of whom with their mother survive.  They are W. D. Jackson, M. E. Jackson, Mrs. J. H. Gabel, & R. L. Jackson, of Phelps County; Mrs. G. W. Miller, of Washington County & Mrs. F. W. Turner, of Cottage Grove, Oregon. 

Mr. Jackson was a good man.  He was scruplously honest & had the respect & confidence of his neighbors.  Where he did not belong to any church he was inclined to the Baptist faith.  He was a staunch democrat in politics & was a strong believer in the principles of Thomas Jefferson. 

Funeral services were held at the home Saturday & interment took place at the Jackson graveyard on the farm.  Many friends sympathize with the bereaved family. 


An obituary of Phillip Jackson from March of 1875 from the Rolla New Herald newspaper.

We regret to learn that Mr. Philip Jackson, an old & respectable citizen of this county, died at his residence near Yancy Mills, one day last week.  Thus the old pioneers are passing away. 






31 May 1957



Yancy Mills, Mo. The Wm. Harrison and Sarah Ann (Jackson) Fore Home.  Back row standing left-right; Charley Fore, Amanda "Mandy" (Fore) Huskey, Ella Fore. Center row standing left-right; Ben Fore, Frank "Pipe" Huskey, Alex Heavin, John Fore, Wm. "Willie" Fore, Sidney "Jinks" Fore, Sarah (Jackson) Fore, Mary "Polly" Ann Fore.  Front seated left-right; Katherine "Kate" (Fore) Heavin, Maude Fore, Sabie (Stogsdill) Fore, Jennie Huskey, Wm. Harrison Fore, Earl Heavin.  Note the log structure of the home under the porch roof.

















Memories of Yancy Mills, Mo. by  Alexander R. Gilbreath, son of John and Nancy (Jackson) Gilbreath and grandson of Phillip and Catharine (Hamilton) Jackson. " Alex", as he was called, told how one time when he was a boy he took a sack of corn to the Yancy Mill. On the way, a branch tore a hole in the sack and he lost some corn. Although Alex said his mother always had him in church, he said he lost his religion that day!!  Alex also handed down a story he had been told by his Grandmother Catharine Jackson; "back in the days of the Civil War, Catharine told of how a bunch of soldiers came into the house and took all of Phillip and Catharine's food. The Jacksons' had just killed a hog not too long earlier and had it hanging in the smokehouse. The soldiers took it too"!!  Alex also related to his children of how hard times were and he  often  became hungry  when after losing his father. His Mother Nancy  and siblings along with his Aunt Charlotta and her son Tommy  lived with his Grandmother Catharine Jackson in the late 1800s.  



Rolla Daily News
1957 Phelps Co. Centennial Edition
Fore/Jackson Families History
written by George Clinton  "Clint"  Arthur, (author of "Bushwhacker" and "Backwoodsmen".)  

The family of Fore was an early pioneer family in the county. The Ben Fore School was named for Ben Fore, who was a cousin of Bushwhacker John Fore. John was a member of the Bill Wilson gang. The Jackson Family was well known during the Civil War, General Jackson lived across the Little Piney from the mouth of Corn Creek during most of the war. There were five brothers who lived at that time-Frank, George, General, John, and Phillip. Phillip operated the mill at Yancy Mill  during the Civil War and was also the great-grandfather of Earl Jackson, a former county treasurer. George Thomas Arthur, the father of George Clinton Arthur worked as a young man for Patrick King on the Little Piney. Pat sent George on horseback to Phillip Jackson's house to borrow 100 dollars. Arthur arrived at his destination and related the message concerning the loan. Phillip counted out 100 silver dollars, put the money in a sack, and George left on horseback to return the money to King. No note was signed, for King's word was good enough for Phillip.   (Cecil King and I, Garrett Gabel, have come to the conclusion that Patrick King borrowed the money from Phillip Jackson between 1870-75. This would put George Arthur  between ages nine to fourteen years old, certainly old enough to have accomplished this deed on horseback as the distance between the homes on the old wagon road wasn't all that far, parts of it is still visible to this day, and of course before Jackson's death in 1875.


John Jackson & his wife, Mary, ex-wife of the great Bushwhacker, Bill Wilson.  John Jackson was a son of Wm. P. & Jinny (Sally) Jackson.  John was born 1816 in Ky. & died in Edgar Springs, Mo. in 1898.  Buried in Renaud Cem. near Edgar Springs, Mo. John was a Mexican War veteran, (1846-1848).

Francis Minett Jackson in back of picture. Francis, better known as "Frank", was a son of Wm. P. and Jinny (Sally) Jackson. He is buried in Renaud Cemetery near Edgar Springs, Mo. He was blind the last forty years of his life! Left of photo is Frank's daughter,  Lucy Emma (Jackson) Ingram, to Lucy's left is her daughter, Delpha (Ingram) Case, wife of Henry Case. Small boy is only identified as  Delpha's, she had four sons. Note the open book inside the window.



Martha Patsy (Jackson) Sullivan, Ray Family Photo. Right to left, Martha Patsy (Jackson) Sullivan, Ray, next is Patsy's dau., Susan (Sullivan) Reagan and her husband Jim behind her, next is Patsy's grandau., Martha "Mattie" (Reagan) Smith and her husband Wm. "Billy" behind her, next is Mattie and Billy's son, Jim Smith and his wife Lula Mae (Lewis) Smith in front of him along with their baby, Vernon Smith, a gr.gr.grandson to Patsy. Patsy was a daughter to Wm. P. and Jane "Jinny" (Sally) Jackson.  Note what is probably the photographers' hand in left background.


Yancy Mills Distillery 1883, Built and owned by John Hargus. The distiller at this time was Robert Taylor Grisham. In foreground is Wm. H. Fore who worked there and lived nearby. Only other identified man is the one in top window with white shirt, Charles Davis.


George Washington Jackson, also known as God Almighty Jackson, last born to Wm. P. and Jinny (Sally) Jackson.

Obituary of George Washington Jackson


Margaret Jackson




From: Wendell Wilson

Thomas Jefferson "Jeff" Jackson & Harriet Fore Jackson circa 1910


Thomas Jefferson Jackson &
wife Harriett Jane (Fore) Jackson


Jackson Group approx. 1920.  Left to right are: Albert Neff Jackson, son of M.E. Jackson, 1902-1933. Next man is unidentified, Milford Elliott "Dick" Jackson, son of T. J. Jackson, 1868-1955. Thomas Jefferson Jackson, son of Phillip Jackson, 1841-1925. William Robert Jackson, son of M.E. Jackson, 1900-1981. William David "Dave"  Jackson, son of T.J. jackson, 1861-1940. John Clarence Jackson, son of M.E. Jackson, 1892-1943.


Top row l-r, Thomas Jefferson Jackson, youngest son Robert Lee Jackson, wife Harriet (Fore) Jackson. All others are Thomas and Harriet's children with their mates. Middle row l-r, Julia Ann (Jackson) Gabel standing behind her husband John Henry Gabel Jr., Daughter-in-law Frances (May) Jackson behind husband Milford "Dick" Jackson, daughter Laura Mae (Jackson) Turner stands behind her husband Frank Turner, seated son-in-law Louis Franklin Gabel with his wife to his left daughter Sarah Catherine (Jackson) Gabel, Mary Caroline (Gabel) Jackson standing behind her husband David "Dave" Jackson, daughter Susan Jane (Jackson) Miller stands behind her husband George Miller.        



Lucinda "Cindy" ( Jackson) Garrett, Eoff , daughter of Wm. P. and Mahala (Hamilton) Garrett,  Jackson 1834- 1927



Postcard photo of Andrew J. Jackson Jr. 1868-1940. He sent this to a first cousin of his, Thomas "Tommy" Jackson, son of Charlotta, who had moved from Yancy Mills, Mo. to Greenville, Mo., an old community now enveloped by Wappapello Lake.  How he was a "Jr." I haven't a clue as he was a son of George W. Jackson. His father George  and uncle, General A. Jackson owned and operated a sawmill in Hazleton, Mo. (Texas Co.) in the late 1800s.

Front of photo reads: __ __ A.J. Jackson Jr. One of the leading tie buyers of Big Pine River.  Back of photo: To T.W.Jackson. Once was playmates __ __ __ but have been separated for the past 22 years but __ to live nabors of each other till layed to rest. And then __ to meet in a better land.





General A. Jackson - Craddock Cem., Texas Co. Mo.  - Wife Rosa died in 1957 buried in Sherrill Cem., Licking, Mo.  If anyone has any idea what the two remaining knobs atop the headstone mean, please let me know.  Garrett



Headstone of David Nathan Baker - Photographed & found under soil & leaves in the Baker Cemetery in 2004 by Garrett Gabel. Baker Cem. is also known as the Algire or Algeire Cem. in Washington Co., Mo. A distant relative of mine off of the Susan (Jackson) Northcutt branch, Curtis Mueller of Sullivan, Mo. was holding the stone steady for me. David Baker was murdered by Richard Marshall following an argument Sept. 4, 1862 in the company of Smith Jackson as the three men were returning to their homes on Indian Creek after serving jury duty in Potosi, Mo. Refer to murder story in the Smith Jackson text. David baker was a brother to Philip Jackson's first wife, Catherine "Kate" Susan (Baker) Jackson, & an uncle to Smith Jackson.






Civil War Headstone of Thomas N. Jackson,  Co. B, 31st Mo. Inf. at Smith-Witt Cem. in Washington Co. Mo. Thomas was the  Son of Wm. P. & Mahala (Hamilton) Garrett, Jackson. Born 1839-40. Died 1877-80 in Washington Co. Mo. second photo is headstone of  Visey (Jackson) Wise at Smith-Witt Cem. in washington Co. Mo. Visey was the  wife of Wm. T. Wise and daughter of Wm. P. & Mahala (Hamilton) Garrett, Jackson. Visey was born Oct. 19, 1846 and died April 3, 1931 "Asleep in Jesus" Folks, this is real proof of what someone's  poor judgement of using bleach to decipher a stone can do!  Please Don't! Simply carry some water, a soft bristle brush, soft toothbrush,  and maybe an ice scraper for lichen removal. Use about a two foot square  mirror to direct sunlight  also if the stone is in a shaded area, you'll be amazed!


Headstone of Wm. "Smith" Jackson in the Oddfellows section of the Buffalo Cem. in Sullivan, Mo. (Franklin Co.) Smith was the  son of Andrew Phillip & Catherine "Kate" Susan (Baker) Jackson. Born Jan. 1, 1834 Died Feb. 14, 1906 "Aged 72 years" 'Gone but not Forgotten" second photo is headstone of Andrew W. "General" Jackson at Anthonie's Mill Cem. in Washington  Co. Mo. General was the son of Wm. P. & Jane "Jinny" (Sally) Jackson. General was born Nov. 28, 1827 and died May 11, 1897. "Gone to inhabit fairer climes, where streams of bliss fresh issue from the throne"


Headstone of George Washington Jackson at Merrill Cem. in Texas Co. Mo. George was the  eldest child of Phillip and Catharine (Hamilton) Jackson          George W. Jackson was borned March 4, 1837, and died Aug 2 1907   " A  Loving Husband a Father  Dear faithful friend lies buried here whose  life was filled with lite and love that leads to that bright world  above"   

Headstone of Wild West Jackson at Cavaness Cem. in Texas Co. Mo. Wild West was a  son of Andrew J. Jackson Jr. and Margaret (Willis) Jackson. Wild West Jackson died of pneumonia while in military service  during World War One.               Bugler  Wild West  son of A.J. & Mag. Jackson  Aug. 1, 1892  July 16, 1918 Baty. C 342. F.A.   " Gone But Not Forgotten" 


Headstone of Benjamin Fore at Jackson Cem. in Phelps Co. Mo. Ben Fore was a  father-in-law of Thomas Jefferson Jackson.    Benjamin  Husband of S. Fore Died  May 16, 1893  Aged 68Yrs. 4 Ms. 19Ds.  "Gone but not forgotten"   

Headstone of Catharine "Katie" Jackson at Jackson Cem. in Phelps Co., Mo.  Catharine was the second wife of Phillip Jackson.  Unfortunately her birthdate on headstone is incorrect as her marriage record of 1836 proves otherwise.  Perhaps her birthdate was confused with her husband Phillip's as his own birthdate has been guessed anywhere from 1809-13.  Catharine's correct birthdate was 1824-25 as she was thirteen years or less of age in 1836 when married Philp Jackson.  Catharine Jackson B: April 1, 1810 - D: Sept. 24, 1907.  "Why should mourn departed friends & shake at deaths alarm.  Tis but the voice of Jesus to call us to his arms."



Headstone of Francis Minett "Frank" Jackson at Renaud Cem. in Phelps Co. Mo. Frank was a son of Wm. P. and Jane "Jinny" (Sally) Jackson.                    F.M. Jackson   Jan. 11, 1832  Jan. 7, 1923

Headstone of John Jackson at Renaud Cem. in Phelps Co. Mo.  John was a son of Wm. P. and Jane "Jinny" (Sally) Jackson. John lived to a ripe old age, however he did have a brush with death when wounded in his thirties while serving in the Mexican War with the third regiment of Paul's Mo. Mtd. Inf. Co. "D".          John Jackson Born 1816 Died Apr 16 1898    "Sleep dear father and take your rest. GOD called your name HE thought it best" 


Headstone of Thomas Jefferson  and Harriet Jane (Fore)  Jackson at Jackson Cem. in Phelps Co. Mo. Thomas was a son of Phillip and Catharine (Hamilton) Jackson. Harriet was a daughter of Benjamin and Sabie (Stogsdill) Fore.    Jackson  Thomas J. Jackson Apr. 17, 1841  Aug. 28, 1925        Harriet J. His Wife   Apr. 3, 1843   Feb. 11, 1930    "Farewell  farewell to all below our Jesus calls and we must go"

Headstone of Martha Patricia "Patsey" (Jackson) Sullivan, Ray at Smith Cem. in Phelps Co. Mo. Patsey was a  daughter of Wm. P. and Jane "Jinny" (Sally) Jackson.  Even though Patsey's last name at the time of her death was Ray, oddly enough her headstone doesn't state this. Since she had no children with her second husband,  Abner Ray II, that probably explains it. Martha wife of Major Sullivan born June 15, 1820 died Jan. 17, 1911.  "I have found the home of everlasting rest"



Headstone of Susan Ann (Jackson) Northcutt at the  Bryant/ New Hope  Cem. near Big Indian Creek  in Washington Co. Mo.  Susan was a  daughter of Phillip and Catherine "Kate" Susan  (Baker) Jackson, and wife of George W. Northcutt.   Susan Northcut  born Nov. 15, 1831 died July 4, 1898. Aged 66y. 7 mo. 19 d.  "A precious one from us has gone, a voice so loved is stilled, a place is vacant in our home which never can be filled. "       


Lost Creek Cemetery, Washington Co. Mo., shared headstone of Allen Jasper Jackson, 1838-1909. Jasper was a son of Wm. P. and Mahala (Hamilton) Garrett, Jackson. Shared headstone also marks at least one more known grave, that of Jasper's son, James Jackson, 1887-1953.  



Pilot Knob. Cem., Phelps Co., Mo., headstone of Sarah Ann (Jackson) Fore 1848-1918, "Mother-Dear". Sarah was the wife of Wm. Harrison Fore & a daughter of Philip & Catharine (Hamilton) Jackson.


Regarding Allen Jasper Jackson's wives being sisters:
confirmation has been received that they were indeed sisters.




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